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Mosquito Bites, Diseases and Protection

Did you know that only female mosquitoes bite?

They are attracted by heat, light, perspiration, lactic acid, and carbon dioxide. The female lands on your body, sticks her proboscis into your skin, and sucks about 1/600th of a teaspoon of your blood into her abdomen. Her saliva contains anticoagulant proteins that prevent your blood from clotting. If she is disturbed, she will fly away. Otherwise, she will remain until she has a full abdomen. If you were to cut the sensory nerve to her abdomen, she would keep sucking until she burst.

The proteins from her saliva cause an immune response from your body. The area swells, and you itch. Eventually, the swelling goes away, but the itch remains until your immune cells break down the saliva proteins.

There are many diseases that can be caused by a mosquito bite, including:

  • Malaria
  • Yellow Fever
  • Encephalitis
  • Dengue Fever
  • West Nile Virus

To treat mosquito bites:
1.      Wash the area with mild soap and water.
2.      Avoid scratching the bite area, even though it itches.
3.      Use anti-itch medicines such as Calamine lotion or ­over-the-counter cortisone creams to relieve the itching.
4.      Typically, you do not need to seek medical attention unless you feel dizzy or nauseated.
If you need help controlling a mosquito problem around your home, call Presidio, a leading Michigan Mosquito Control company, at (248) 457-5233 or click here to have us contact you.